Day 1, Session Block D

10:45 Occupants' Adaptation in Naturally Ventilated Buildings - Historical Development

Chair: Timothy Adekunle, Dep. of Architecture, University of Hartford, USA

Historically sustainable: Natural ventilation in Connecticut houses of the 1700s and 1800s.
  • Colonial settlers’ response to harsh climatic conditions
  • Passive/sustainable building systems

Theodore Sawruk, Dep. of Architecture, University of Hartford, USA

James Marston Fitch: Development of natural ventilation as a strategy to passively moderate the built environment
  • James Marston Fitch redirected American architecture toward the benefits of the natural environment on building design and construction
  • Decline of natural ventilation after World War II
  • Reviving natural ventilation and environmentally conscious building design

Michael Crosbie, Dep. of Architecture, University of Hartford, USA

Analysis of occupants' adaptation and design parameters influencing their behavioral actions in naturally ventilated timber buildings
  • Architectural design, on-site measurements and thermal comfort
  • Occupants in dwelling units with smaller floor area adapt better to the thermal environment
  • Occupants in naturally ventilated buildings use control to adjust thermal environment

Timothy Adekunle, Dep. of Architecture, University of Hartford, USA

Occupants' adaptation in low-income naturally ventilated buildings: a case study of Abuja, Nigeria
  • Investigation of occupants' thermal comfort in Nigeria
  • Occupants' adaptation to the thermal environment during dry season

Michael Adaji, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK

12:30 Lunch